Testosterone is a hormone that is naturally produced in both men and women. It is responsible for sex drive, energy levels, mood, and muscle mass. In men, testosterone levels usually peak in their late teens or early twenties and then begin to decline around age 30. In women, testosterone levels peak in their mid-thirties and then also begin to decline.
However, both men and women can experience a decrease in testosterone levels due to other factors such as stress, poor diet, lack of exercise, and certain medications. Low testosterone levels can cause fatigue, low sex drive, depression, muscle aches, and other symptoms. Testosterone therapy or testosterone uses can help to improve these symptoms.
Types of Testosterone
There are different types of testosterone that have different functions:
- Androgenic testosterone: This type of testosterone is responsible for the development of male characteristics such as facial hair and a deep voice.
- Anabolic testosterone: This type of testosterone helps with the growth of muscles and bone mass.
- Estrogenic testosterone: This type of testosterone helps with the development of female characteristics such as breasts and hips.
- Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF): This type of testosterone helps with the growth and development of nerve cells and has been linked to improved cognitive function.
- Myostatin: This type of testosterone helps to regulate muscle growth.
How Is Testosterone Produced In The Body?
Testosterone is produced in the testes in men and the ovaries in women. In small amounts, it is also produced in the adrenal glands in both sexes. The production of testosterone varies throughout the day but is usually highest in the morning. The level of testosterone in the blood declines with age. This decline begins around age 30 in men and around age 35-40 in women .
How Can You Lower Your Testosterone Levels If Needed?
If your doctor thinks your testosterone levels are too high they may recommend lifestyle changes such as losing weight if you are overweight , exercising more , or reducing stress.
If these changes do not lower your levels enough then you may be prescribed medication such as GnRH analogues or gonadotropin released hormones. These work by decreasing the amount of hormones that are produced by your body .
Who Should Consider Taking Testosterone Therapy?
Males who have low amounts of testosterone may consider taking therapy if they have symptoms such as reduced lean body mass, or depressed mood . Females who have low amounts may consider taking therapy if they have symptoms relating to sexual function, bone health, or energy. You should speak with your doctor before starting any therapy to make sure it’s right for you .
While most people associate testosterone with males , it’s important to remember that females produce it too . This hormone has several functions and its deficiency or excess can lead to various health problems.
If you think you may have low amounts of testosterones speak with your doctor about lifestyle changes or therapy options that may help improve your symptoms. They are the ideal professional to guide you in the right direction.